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History of the garden

In 1916, when Vanessa Bell and Duncan Grant first moved to Charleston, the walled garden was given over mainly to vegetables and fruit trees.

After the First World War, Roger Fry made designs for a rectangular lawn, pool, and flower beds intersected with straight paths. A spring and summer garden gradually evolved. The piazza was made by Quentin Bell in 1946-7, the painters making the mosaics from broken crockery.

I’m painting flowers – one can’t resist them – when the sun comes out you can’t conceive what the medley of apples, hollyhocks, plums, zinnias, dahlias, all mixed up together is like.” Vanessa Bell to Roger Fry, 1930.

Duncan Grant and Angelica Garnett in the Garden at Charleston

Duncan Grant and Angelica Garnett in the Garden at Charleston

The 1950s saw the full flowering of the garden under Vanessa Bell’s direction, assisted by gardeners including the “Young” Mr Stevens and, later, Grace Higgens’s husband, Walter. The garden flourished, “as though the exuberant decoration of the interior had spilled through the doors” (Quentin Bell)

After Vanessa Bell’s death in 1961, the garden began to decline, and by 1978, when Duncan Grant died at the age of 93, it was overgrown and neglected, the walled garden mostly grassed over.

Levitating Lady in the Charleston Garden

Levitating Lady in the Charleston Garden

Restoration to present day

The restoration of the garden began in 1984 under the guidance of Sir Peter Shepheard, who drew up a plan extensively researched from paintings, photographs and the memories of those who once knew it. Gardener, Mark Divall worked closely with him and became The Charleston Trust’s first gardener.

The garden opened to the public in 1986.

Over a number of years, Mark re-created the garden with his planting, nurturing the ideas of Vanessa Bell and Duncan Grant with great sensitivity and capturing, as Angelica Garnett told him, “the spirit of the place; Duncan
would have loved it!”

Find out more information about visiting the garden.

What's on

27 Nov
Woodcut Christmas Card workshop

Due to popular demand we’ve added a second Woodcut Christmas Card session with artist Helen Brown. Helen More

Paper Cutting workshop 01 Dec
Paper Cutting workshop

Tutor Su Blackwell will guide you through the delicate art of paper cutting and sculpting, working More

Christmas wreath workshop 04 Dec
Christmas Wreaths and Garlands workshop

This day long workshop will guide you step by step through the art of Christmas wreath More


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