History of the garden

In 1916, when Vanessa Bell and Duncan Grant first moved to Charleston, the walled garden was given over mainly to vegetables and fruit trees.

After the First World War, Roger Fry made designs for a rectangular lawn, pool, and flower beds intersected with straight paths. A spring and summer garden gradually evolved. The piazza was made by Quentin Bell in 1946-7, the painters making the mosaics from broken crockery.

I’m painting flowers – one can’t resist them – when the sun comes out you can’t conceive what the medley of apples, hollyhocks, plums, zinnias, dahlias, all mixed up together is like.’ Vanessa Bell to Roger Fry, 1930

Duncan Grant and Angelica Garnett in the Garden at Charleston

Duncan Grant and Angelica Garnett in the Garden at Charleston

The 1950s saw the full flowering of the garden under Vanessa Bell’s direction, assisted by gardeners including the ‘Young’ Mr Stevens and, later, Grace Higgens’ husband, Walter. The garden flourished, Quentin Bell observed, ‘as though the exuberant decoration of the interior had spilled through the doors’.

After Vanessa Bell’s death in 1961, the garden began to decline, and by 1978, when Duncan Grant died at the age of 93, it was overgrown and neglected, the walled garden mostly grassed over.

Levitating Lady in the Charleston Garden

Levitating Lady in the Charleston Garden

Restoration to present day

The restoration of the garden began in 1984 under the guidance of Sir Peter Shepheard, who drew up a plan extensively researched from paintings, photographs and the memories of those who once knew it. The gardener, Mark Divall worked closely with him and became The Charleston Trust’s first gardener.

The garden opened to the public in 1986.

Over a number of years, Mark re-created the garden with his planting, nurturing the ideas of Vanessa Bell and Duncan Grant with great sensitivity and capturing, as Angelica Garnett told him, “the spirit of the place; Duncan would have loved it!”

Find out more information about visiting the garden.

What's on

30 JunWorkshop
Stained Glass Workshop

Handcraft a beautiful, leaded stained glass window panel with tutor David Lilly. Learn the traditional techniques More

In the Studio of Annemarie O'Sullivan 01 JulSold out
Basketry

Frame baskets with Sussex willow This is a 1 day workshop where we will focus on More

07 Jul
Reading Group: Land and Gardens

Informal reading and discussion group, exploring Bloomsbury texts and themes. First Sunday of every month.

10 AugTalk
My Life in Colour

CRESSIDA BELL talks to her sister, Virginia Nicholson, about Charleston, her design work and curating ‘In Colour.’


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