History of the garden

In 1916, when Vanessa Bell and Duncan Grant first moved to Charleston, the walled garden was given over mainly to vegetables and fruit trees.

After the First World War, Roger Fry made designs for a rectangular lawn, pool, and flower beds intersected with straight paths. A spring and summer garden gradually evolved. The piazza was made by Quentin Bell in 1946-7, the painters making the mosaics from broken crockery.

I’m painting flowers – one can’t resist them – when the sun comes out you can’t conceive what the medley of apples, hollyhocks, plums, zinnias, dahlias, all mixed up together is like.’ Vanessa Bell to Roger Fry, 1930

Duncan Grant and Angelica Garnett in the Garden at Charleston

Duncan Grant and Angelica Garnett in the Garden at Charleston

The 1950s saw the full flowering of the garden under Vanessa Bell’s direction, assisted by gardeners including the ‘Young’ Mr Stevens and, later, Grace Higgens’ husband, Walter. The garden flourished, Quentin Bell observed, ‘as though the exuberant decoration of the interior had spilled through the doors’.

After Vanessa Bell’s death in 1961, the garden began to decline, and by 1978, when Duncan Grant died at the age of 93, it was overgrown and neglected, the walled garden mostly grassed over.

Levitating Lady in the Charleston Garden

Levitating Lady in the Charleston Garden

Restoration to present day

The restoration of the garden began in 1984 under the guidance of Sir Peter Shepheard, who drew up a plan extensively researched from paintings, photographs and the memories of those who once knew it. The gardener, Mark Divall worked closely with him and became The Charleston Trust’s first gardener.

The garden opened to the public in 1986.

Over a number of years, Mark re-created the garden with his planting, nurturing the ideas of Vanessa Bell and Duncan Grant with great sensitivity and capturing, as Angelica Garnett told him, “the spirit of the place; Duncan would have loved it!”

Find out more information about visiting the garden.

What's on

The Children in the Moon 29 AugFamily
The Children in the Moon

Bring a picnic and watch the outdoor performance of ‘The Children in the Moon’, and then explore, play and make your own creations as a family.

Woodcut Printmaking Workshop Helen Brown Charleston 03 SepWorkshop
Woodcut Printmaking Workshop with Helen Brown

Picture Credit: Helen Brown Learn the processes of woodcut printmaking, with tutor Helen Brown, from design More

Small Wonder Festival 2018 at Charleston 28 Sep - 30 Sep
Small Wonder Festival 2018

The Small Wonder 2018 website is now live – visit the festival website for full information. More

13 OctPerformance
THE MARLBOROUGH THEATRE PRESENTS - CABARET ORLANDO

Revel in a rebellious performance art cabaret that breaks the gender binary including work by Nando Messias, Marisa Carnesky, Travis Alabanza and KUCHENGA.


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